The two countries to rank higher overall were Norway and Finland (Finland finishing in first). Switzerland education spending for 2013 was 15.21%, a 0.43% decline from 2012. Homicide rate (per 100,000 people) n.a. In total, 113 Nobel Prize winners stand in relation to Switzerland and the Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded nine times to organizations residing in Switzerland. They were taught by 37,546 teachers (32.8% female) in 367 schools. [citation needed]. Switzerland's stable labour market and low unemployment rate account for a high GDP per capita, excellent healthcare and a social security system that leaves no one behind. [1] This place has a long tradition of chemical and medical research in Switzerland. h�b```a``je`e`P�cd@ A�+s44��a�>� �`�1D��(r]�rVؕ `�����D��M�1�bq�Fe��� �40o��¾�٘qV��L���;��^�'�g�֐b�0g�,�@�6�����f`��g� �8���(c�` C�-V Progress and Completion in Education. Interest Rate in Switzerland averaged 0.66 percent from 2000 until 2020, reaching an all time high of 3.50 percent in June of 2000 and a record low of -0.75 percent in January of 2015. Pupils with different performance levels attend the same class and mixing is maintained. Switzerland literacy rate for 2018 was 99.00%, a 0% increase from 2015. This page provides - Switzerland Inflation Rate - actual values, historical data, forecast, chart, statistics, economic calendar and news. to the top . Their science score was 523, which was 8th out of 21. Taxes are levied by the individual cantons as well as the government. Switzerland is not only one of the world’s most innovative research nations, but also one of the most competitive. Switzerland has a high rate of foreign students in tertiary education including one of the highest in the world of doctoral level students.[3]. Only about 5% of Swiss children go to a private school. The pupils attend lessons in certain subjects in differentiated requirement-based groups (whereby the core classes are mixed). [2] In addition, there are seven regional associations of Universities for Applied Sciences (Fachhochschulen) which require vocational education and a special Berufsmatura, or a Fachmatura (a graduation by a Fachmittelschule) to study. The tertiary education system had 234,799 students (49.7% female). The education system in Switzerland is very diverse, because the constitution of Switzerland delegates the authority for the school system mainly to the cantons. 985 0 obj <>stream Any child can take part in school if they choose to, but pupils are separated depending on whether they speak French, German or Italian. [19], In 1995 Switzerland took part in the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) assessment. This rule is prescribed in the Swiss Federal Act on Assignments (Entsendegesetz). Tertiary education depends on the education chosen in secondary education. In some cases, parents or legal guardians of the child are also asked for their recommendations (see Indicator C below) along with a self-evaluation done by the child. The advanced mathematics score was 533 which was 3rd out of 16. [26], This table shows the school system for 2017/2018 and how the lower secondary schools are organized:[25], During the 2008/09 school year there were 1,502,257 students in the entire Swiss educational system. Apprentices who attended a vocational high school will often add a Fachhochschule or a Höhere Fachschule to their curriculum. These students were taught by 74,501 teachers (66.3% female) in 6,083 schools, of which 614 were private. Inflation Rate in Switzerland averaged 2.32 percent from 1956 until 2020, reaching an all time high of 11.92 percent in December of 1973 and a record low of -1.40 percent in August of 2015. [19] In 2008, the number of students graduating with a PhD was 3209 (up from 2822 in 2000) of which 45% were foreigners (up from 31% in 2000). Education; Development; Labor Force; Environment; Crime; Immigration; Other; Literacy Rate ; Adult literacy rate is the percentage of people ages 15 and above who can both read and write with understanding a short simple statement about their everyday life. [18] In 2010, with 2.5%, Switzerland had the second-highest rate of inhabitants with doctoral degrees in Europe. [6] Other important research centers are the Empa and Paul Scherrer Institute which belong to the ETH domain. Education Facts in Switzerland. There were 777,394 students (48.6% female) in the obligatory schools, which include primary and lower secondary schools. The Swiss students were in their upper secondary education and were attending either a gymnasium, general education, teacher training or advanced vocation training. In some German speaking cantons kindergarten and the first one or two years may be combined into a Grundstufe or Basisstufe where they are all taught together in a single class. In the science literacy assessment of PISA, 15-year-old students in Switzerland had the 16th highest average score of 57 countries. m�GE ��:���%)V/���Φӓb]މ����v����]69��_�|]f'���r�(��t"ԏ2�x�Z>^���Ѭ��Y~^��F׺̮�����槼)�2�. The obligatory school system usually includes primary education (Primarschule in German, école primaire in French, scuola primaria / elementare in Italian and scola primara in Romansh) and secondary education I (Sekundarschule or Sekundarstufe I in German, secondaire I in French and scuola secondaria / media in Italian and scola secundar in Romansh). This suggests that the quality of high school education is lower in these cantons. In most cases, kindergarten lasts 1 to 2 years, primary level lasts 6 years, and the lower secondary level 3 years. In some German speaking cantons kindergarten and the first one or two years may be combined into a Grundstufe or Basisstufe where they are all taught together in a single class. [28], according Federal Higher Education Act, HEdA, École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation, International Institute for Management Development, Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study, International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement, List of largest universities by enrollment in Switzerland, "Swissuniversity - University of Basel (UNIBAS)", "Mueller Science - Schweizer Nobelpreisträger Nobelpreise Schweiz - Swiss Nobel Prizes - Nobel Prize Winners Switzerland", Swiss education server - Compulsory education, "Bildungslandschaft Schweiz 2012/13 (vereinfacht)", Swiss education server - Lower secondary level: overview, "International School Consultancy Group > Home", "International School Consultancy Group > Information > ISC News", "SWITZERLAND: Second top with PhDs - University World News", Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Studierende an den universitären Hochschulen nach Jahr, Fachbereich, Studienstufe, Staatsangehörigkeit und Hochschule, Pursuing Excellence: A Study of U.S. Twelfth-Grade Mathematics and Science Achievement in International Context, World Economic Forum, the Global Competitiveness Report, " - Cantonal school structures", Swiss education server - Pre-school education, Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Lernende nach Kanton, Jahr und Bildungsstufe, Official site of the Swiss Federal Statistical Office, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne (EPFL), Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich (ETHZ), Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts, University of Applied Sciences of Eastern Switzerland, University of Applied Sciences Western Switzerland, Scuola Universitaria Professionale della Svizzera Italiana (SUPSI), Zurich University of Applied Sciences/ZHAW, Zurich University of Applied Sciences in Business Administration,, Articles with German-language sources (de), Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, University of Applied Sciences Northwestern Switzerland (FHNW), Zurich University of Teacher Education (PHZH), This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 23:41. Find a program . Find & compare programs. Education. Search. endstream endobj startxref In certain subjects, teaching occurs on differentiated requirement-based levels. Switzerland's diverse and permeable education system in essence offers a choice between an academic or vocational education. Foreign employees working in Switzerland have the right to be paid at a rate equivalent to the Swiss salary in their chosen profession. Annual figures. In Ticino, there is a third, non-mandatory, kindergarten year, primary lasts 5 years, followed by 4 years of lower secondary. 950 0 obj <> endobj For students with a matura, university is the most common one. Compulsory education lasts for 9–11 years, with some children beginning compulsory education when they are four years old and others at six years, until about 15 years old. Switzerland education spending for 2016 was 15.51%, a 0.02% decline from 2015. They did not participate in later studies. Close. Helping students complete education. In the French speaking cantons (FR, GE, JU, NE, VD, VS) kindergarten is combined with primary to create 2 primary levels, each 4 years long. The requirements of the performance-based group at advanced level are the most demanding and this school type generally prepares pupils for transfer to the matura schools. Primary school continues until grade four, five or six, depending on the school/canton. Parents' recommendation in combination with child's self-evaluation is called the third indicator (Indicator C) for evaluating the student, the first being teacher's evaluation (Indicator A), the second the results of tests (Indicator B) held in first semester. Education Expenditures Birth registration (% under age 5) n.a. Apprentices who attended a vocational high school will often add a Fachhochschule or a Höhere Fachschule to their curriculum. Education in Switzerland is compulsory, so there really is no way for parents to sidestep paying such taxes. While the academic training leads to the matura and free admission to universities, successfully completed vocational education gives access to third level of practical education, the Höhere Fachschule (Schweiz). Generally, each school type has its own adapted curricula, teaching material, teachers and, in some cases, its own range of subjects. Tertiary education depends on the education chosen in secondary education. Want to study in Switzerland? Some cantons define a specific model, while others allow the individual municipalities to determine which model to follow. Switzerland education spending for 2015 was 15.53%, a 0.07% increase from 2014. [24], While compulsory schooling in Switzerland is between 9 and 11 years long, many of the specifics of the system vary by canton. Here, pupils have a variety of abilities and come from a range of different backgrounds including, sometimes, linguistic backgrounds. [9][10] In some cantons, students with a Fachmatura may also get access to universities after a successful additional year. Swiss university dropout rates are high (around 30%), with overrepresentation of students who graduated high school in certain cantons and among foreign students. [22], A National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) study that used the TIMSS assessment among 12th graders found similar results. ... Switzerland has the lowest rate of value-added tax in Europe. "[14] This definition is used by publications including The Economist. Some cantons have a system of examination in the second semester of the final year of primary school, some cantons have an exam in second semester and continuous evaluation in both first and second semesters. Weekly figures. In 1995, Switzerland was one of forty-one nations that participated in the study. The large majority of the Swiss population has attained at least upper secondary education: 86% of 2564 year- s and 89% of 25-old -olds (the OECD average is 75% and -34 year %%EOF Switzerland has a high rate of international students. The fourth criteria is the final exam that takes place in the middle of the second semester of the final year primary school (usually held before Easter Break). However, due to the much smaller tertiary system in Switzerland their 47,000 foreign tertiary enrollments are dwarfed by much larger countries such as the United States (740,000), the United Kingdom (416,000), France (228,000) and Germany (196,000). Because of this central location, Switzerland offers a great variety in cultures and languages. Municipalities can also levy taxes, often referred to as a communal tax. Chart. Diversity and coexistence in Switzerland. Switzerland has a lot to offer to international students: Swiss universities provide world-class education, and their degrees are recognised around the globe. These students were taught by 13,592 teachers (96.0% female) in 4,949 schools, of which 301 were private schools. In almost all cantons, the municipalities are obliged to provide at least one year of pre-school classes. In kindergarten or pre-school, there were 152,919 students (48.6% female). [25] In 17 cantons, it is compulsory to attend pre-school. Covid: Swiss death toll passes 9,000 as death rate slows 22/01/2021 By Le News Leave a Comment This week, Switzerland’s Federal Office of Public Health (FOPH) reported 14,051 positive Covid-19 cases and 366 deaths. All of them are also registered in the Financial Times ranking. Education in Switzerland is provided by both state-funded and private establishments, giving you a wide range of options to find the best program for you. Each pupil is assigned to a core class according to his or her performance level. Rather recently introduced is a third, middle path via the Fachmittelschule which leads to a direct access to a Fachhochschule after a successful graduation of a Fachmatura. The survey aims to present a picture of the issues raised by the coexistence of different groups currently living in Switzerland. 8% is levied on most goods and services, 3.8% on accommodation services, and 2.5% on basic necessities and other everyday items. The minimum age for primary school is about six years in all cantons but Obwalden, where it is five years and three months. Prison population (per 100,000 people) n.a. ` ]�Q At around age 11–12, depending on which canton in Switzerland the child goes to school in, there could be a screening exam to decide how to separate the students for secondary school. [8], At the end of primary school (or at the beginning of secondary school), pupils are separated (see Indicator C for Fribourg under Primary School) according to their capacities and career-intentions in several (often three) sections for a period of 2–3 years (Sekundarschule) in either Pre-higher secondary school section, General section, or Basic section (Basic may be called Realschule in German or Classe d'exigence de base in French). Under the fifth pillar of the report, Higher education and training, the Swiss had a score of 5.79, which is the fourth highest among all the countries surveyed. In math, the Swiss scored a 540 (the average score was 500), and were 3rd out of 21. In French speaking cantons kindergarten is combined into a four-year cycle primaire 1 or cycle 1 which is followed by a four-year cycle primaire 2 or cycle 2 which completes their primary school.[7]. [23], The World Economic Forum's Global Competitiveness Report for 2010-11 ranked Switzerland as first overall. The High Cost of Living Amplifies the Issue. The structure is based on the principle of equal capacities among pupils. In the Canton of Ticino, an optional, third year is available for three-year-old children. The cantons Thurgau and Nidwalden allow five-year-olds to start primary school in exceptional cases. In 2013, 16.9% of the total tertiary enrollment in Switzerland came from outside the country, a rate that is the 10th highest of the 291 countries included in the UNESCO Institute for Statistics. More recently Vladimir Prelog, Heinrich Rohrer, Richard Ernst, Edmond Fischer, Rolf Zinkernagel, Didier Queloz, Michel Mayor, Kurt Wüthrich, and Jacques Dubochet have received nobel prizes in the sciences. With its high quality of research and teaching, Switzerland regularly ranks high in the Study.EU Country Ranking. Swiss employees receive salary payments monthly for the equivalent of 13 months per year. Progress and Completion in Education . In the lower second level, there are several different teaching and school models that may exist. 0 The upper secondary school system had 337,145 students (46.9% female). The education system in Switzerland is not only one of the best in Europe, but it is considered one of the top systems in the world. [3], Switzerland also has a high rate of PhD students and inhabitants with doctoral degrees. Both public and private establishments provide a comprehensive range of education at all levels with programs open to foreigners. For students with a matura, university is the most common one. h��Wmo�6�+��a�7�8Hs׭����ݺ��_���H|��ߏ�l�N�&=F�HQ����RDo��؀0'���zaY�P�*Q(ﴈA In 2014 Switzerland had the highest rate of inhabitants (2.98%) with doctoral degrees in the world. [citation needed] The other students split in two or more school-types, depending on the canton, differing in the balance between theoretical and practical education. h�bbd```b``f� �� D�J��F`2L��_ � �%LF�EB��\0� &?�H�(ɨ"�I�i�@l��`5���*3&FfW�)"�3��� Students who aspire for an academic career enter Mittelschule (also named Gymnasium, or Kantonsschule, a public school by the canton/state) to be prepared for further studies and the Matura (normally obtained after 12 or 13 years of school usually at the age of 18 or 19). [21] TIMSS is an international assessment of the mathematics and science knowledge of fourth- and eighth-grade students around the world. If in addition to the vocational training the Berufsmaturitätsschule is completed the Fachhochschule may be visited instead. 2. [4][5] Geneva hosts the world's largest particle physics laboratory, the CERN. Read more endstream endobj 951 0 obj <>/Metadata 31 0 R/Outlines 70 0 R/Pages 948 0 R/StructTreeRoot 75 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 952 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 953 0 obj <>stream The small country continually ranks on annual Top 10 lists comparing education across the globe. At its meeting on 17 December, the Swiss National Bank (SNB) left its policy rate and the interest rate on sight deposits at minus 0.75%—the world’s lowest. Close. 972 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<8BB10A9E6217F8448C10EB943896895D><39B546599418FB4EB3156D0BFEA9A6FF>]/Index[950 36]/Info 949 0 R/Length 108/Prev 506117/Root 951 0 R/Size 986/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream [14] ISC defines an 'international school' in the following terms "ISC includes an international school if the school delivers a curriculum to any combination of pre-school, primary or secondary students, wholly or partly in English outside an English-speaking country, or if a school in a country where English is one of the official languages, offers an English-medium curriculum other than the country’s national curriculum and is international in its orientation. [15], Switzerland was the birthplace of the International Baccalaureate in 1968[16] and 50 schools in Switzerland offer one or more of the IB programmes (Primary, Middle Years, Diploma and Career-related Programmes).[17]. Switzerland is well known for its advanced business education system. Among 8th graders, Switzerland ranked 15th overall, 8th in math and 25th in science. Switzerland education spending for 2014 was 15.46%, a 0.25% increase from 2013. Swiss salaries for foreigners. Youth (15-24 years) literacy rate (%) 2008-2012*, male – Youth (15-24 years) literacy rate (%) 2008-2012*, female – Number per 100 population 2012, mobile phones [12], As of January 2015, the International Schools Consultancy (ISC)[13] listed Switzerland as having 105 international schools. Education. Government spending on education > Proportion of GDP: Percentage of public funding for education out of country's total GDP. Pupils are allocated to institutionally separate school types, according to their performance levels. Homeless people due to natural disaster (average annual per million people) n.a. Students intending to pursue a trade or vocation complete three to four additional years before entering Vocational Educations which are regulated by federal law and are based on a cooperation of private business offering educational job-positions and public schools offering obligatory school-lessons complementary to the on-the-job education. Overall, 16.9 per cent of higher education enrolment in Switzerland came from abroad – the tenth highest in the world in 2013. The Swiss constitution sets the foundations, namely that primary school is obligatory for every child and is free in public schools and that the confederation can run or support universities. This rate was just higher than Austria (16.8) and just lower than the United Kingdom (17.5). State education is free of charge, but schools may ask for … Before that, children generally go to Kindergarten, with one or two years is required in most cantons. Tables Graphs Data Publications Press releases Tables. Homicide rate (per 100,000 people) n.a. All three top countries were effectively developing and utilizing about 85 percent of their full human capital potential, the report noted. They were taught by 13,900 teachers (42.3% female) in 730 schools, of which 240 were private. Share of graduates from science, technology, engineering and mathematics programmes in tertiary education who are female (%) n.a. In the structure with 3 school types, there is a performance-based group at basic level, a performance-based group at intermediate level and a performance-based group at advanced level. The first university in Switzerland was founded in 1460 in Basel, with a faculty of medicine. Languages are given quite the emphasis in the Swiss education system, and therefore most of the people there speak at least a second language. December 17, 2020. Homeschooling is not common in Switzerland, and some cantons even outlaw it. "Number of students participating at university in Switzerland in select years from the academic year 2000/01 to 2018/19." [12], The integrated model does not use different school types or core classes. The minimum age for primary school is about six years in all cantons but Obwalden, where it is five years and three months. This article about the demographics of Switzerland features the population of the Swiss Confederation, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.. Switzerland had a population of 8.57 million as of mid-2019. High school enrolment rate : Progression to secondary school refers to the number of new entrants to the first grade of secondary school in a given year as a percentage of the number of students enrolled in the final grade of primary school in the previous year. In 2013 masters programs enrolled about 27% foreign students (fourth highest rate) and doctoral programs were 52% foreign (second behind Luxembourg).