However, the Meiji Emperor had fifteen children by five official ladies-in-waiting. Instead, it was common for members of the Imperial Family to be born in a structure, often temporary, near the pregnant woman's father's house. Emperor Meiji, known by his personal name Mutsuhito during his life, was the son of Emperor Kômei and Nakayama Yoshiko, an imperial concubine. Meiji was a minor hero in the movie The Last Samurai. Ten of them died prematurely. An iris garden in an area of Tokyo where Emperor Meiji and the Empress had been known to visit was chosen as the building's location for the Shinto shrine Meiji Jingū.  The Emperors under the shogunate appear to have adhered closely to this code by studying Confucian classics and devoting time to poetry and calligraphy. Having ruled during the Meiji era (Enlightened rule), he is now known as Emperor Meiji. Kyoto, Japan. British diplomat Sir Ernest Satow wrote, "it is impossible to deny that [Emperor Kōmei's] disappearance from the political scene, leaving as his successor a boy of fifteen or sixteen [actually fourteen], was most opportune". Elle est aussi la première à jouer un rôle public. , Emperor Kōmei fell seriously ill at his age of 36 and died on 30 January 1867. Mutsuhito supprime le shogunat, crée un parlement élu et une constitution. Due to beriberi, he could barely walk. "year name") after Keiō and before Taishō. Emperor Meiji or Meiji the Great was the 122nd Emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession, reigning from February 3, 1867 until his death on July 30, 1912. Male. The New York Times summarized this transformation at the Emperor's funeral in 1912 with the words: "the contrast between that which preceded the funeral car and that which followed it was striking indeed. Some biographers state that he fainted when he first heard gunfire, while others deny this account. Many daimyōs were increasingly dissatisfied with bakufu handling foreign affairs. et annoncer que « les usages des temps anciens sont abolis pour toujours » (suppression du système féodal). [b] He obtained this current title in reference to the Meiji era, which spanned almost the entirety of his reign. Mutsuhito Tennō Emperor Mutsuhito Gender. About 180 lords, known as daimyōs, ruled autonomous realms under the shōgun, and occasionally the shōgun called upon the daimyōs for gifts but did not tax them. Full name; Mutsuhito ... Emperor Meiji, suffering from diabetes, nephritis, and gastroenteritis, died of uremia.  Known posthumously as Empress Shōken, she was the first Imperial Consort to receive the title of kōgō (literally, the Emperor's wife, translated as Empress Consort), in several hundred years. Such a name is a combination of the era during which he reigned and coincides with the Emperor's contribution to the throne whilst he was alive. Officers are being appointed by us to the conduct of foreign affairs.  The Japanese government decided that their military was no match for the American military and thus allowed trade and submitted to what it dubbed the "Unequal Treaties. View Emperor Meiji's Family Tree and History, Ancestry and Genealogy. Yoshinobu was the final shōgun and met with resistance from among the bakufu, even as unrest and military actions continued. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. I too still prefer Showa personally, but I understand the point about Hirohito being more common by a landslide. Officially, the imperial constitution, adopted under Emperor Meiji, gave full power to the Emperor. Emperor of Japan: Meiji and his World, 1852-1912. 100% (1/1) nengō era name era. Late 1860s–1881: Period of rebellion and assassination in Japan.  Emperors were taught only the rudiments of Japanese and Chinese history and geography. (To be continued) Sources of Quotes: Donald Keene. The Prince Mutsuhito's mother, Nakayama Yoshiko, was a concubine (Japanese: 権の典侍, romanized: gon no tenji) to his father Emperor Kōmei, and she was the daughter of the acting major counselor, Nakayama Tadayasu. Before it went old Japan; after it came new Japan.". In mid-1866, a bakufu army set forth to punish rebels in southern Japan. It indicated his intent to be involved in government affairs. Bien que l'annonce officielle mentionne qu'il est décédé à 00h42 le 30 juillet, le décès est en réalité survenu le 29 juillet, vers 22h40. Age. This marked the beginning of the custom of posthumously naming the Emperor after the era during which he ruled. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 19 janvier 2021 à 22:52. The daimyōs were compensated with annual salaries equal to ten percent of their former revenues (from which they now did not have to deduct the cost of governing), but were required to move to the new capital, Tokyo. While they initially desired the death or expulsion of all foreigners, the shishi would later begin to advocate the modernisation of the country. Heretofore the nengō had often been changed multiple times in an Emperor's reign; from now on, it was announced, there would only be one nengō per reign. Full name; Yoshiko 慶子) House: Yamato ... later known as Emperor Meiji, at her father’s residence outside of the Kyoto Imperial Palace. Tokugawa Yoshinobu was a reformer who desired to transform Japan into a Western-style state. Proclamation of Meiji Constitution . Full name. Kalakaua to his sister, 15 March 1881, quoted in Greer, Richard A. When the Meiji emperor was restored as head of Japan in 1868, the nation was a militarily weak country, was primarily agricultural, and had little technological development. Full name. , The 1889 constitution created a new parliament, although it had no real power. The two married on 11 January 1869.  For the first time since early childhood, he left the Imperial precincts in Kyoto in mid-May to take command of the forces pursuing the remnants of the bakufu armies. Emperor Meiji, also known as Meiji the Great, was a Japanese monarch who ruled from February 1867 until his death in July 1912. Le développement de la flotte militaire impériale est un des outils majeurs de l'expansion industrielle et militaire du Japon sous l'ère Meiji. In 1869, several of the daimyōs who had supported the revolution gave their land property to the Emperor and were reappointed as governors, with considerable salaries. The Reign of the Meiji Emperor. The Emperor in a formal session of the Diet. ", After the Emperor's death in 1912, the Japanese Diet passed a resolution to commemorate his role in the Meiji Restoration. He served as the Emperor of Japan. Representatives of foreign powers sought to increase their influence in Japan. Meiji Tennō. In the meantime, the shōgun, Yoshinobu, struggled to maintain power. Le 11 juillet 1860, il est adopté par la principale épouse de l'empereur Kōmei, Asako Nyōgō, et reçoit le nom de Mutsuhito. He kept no diary, wrote almost no letters (unlike his father) and left "no more than three or four" photographs.  The following month, the rebels marched on Kyoto, taking control of the Imperial Palace. Unofficial Royalty: Japanese Naming Conventions; Emperor Meiji was born November 3, 1852, at the palace compound or Gosho in Kyoto, Japan. Near the end of his life several anarchists, including Shūsui Kōtoku, were executed (1911) on charges of having conspired to murder the sovereign. Emperor Of Japan (1867) Trivia. The successful revolutionaries organized themselves into a Council of State, and subsequently into a system where three main ministers led the government.  The accounts of people who had met or were close to him usually contain little substantial information or are mutually contradictory. 11 January 1869: Marriage of the Emperor to Ichijo Haruko, thenceforth the, 1881: Receives the first state visit of a foreign monarch, King. , By 1912, Japan had gone through a political, economic, and social revolution and emerged as one of the great powers in the world. Though he is known as the Emperor Meiji, the prince was born in 1852 with the name Sachinomiya, meaning Prince Sachi.  On 16 August 1860, Sachinomiya was proclaimed prince of the blood and heir to the throne and was formally adopted by his father's consort. 4 No multiple era names were given for each reign after Emperor Meiji.  The shōgun did not seek the consent or advice of the Emperor for his actions. Later that year on 11 November, he was proclaimed as the crown prince and given an adult name, Mutsuhito. Emperor Of Japan (1867) Trivia. Since the modern era, when an Emperor of Japan dies he is given a posthumous name. The emperor took the name Meiji ("enlightened rule") as his reign name; this event was known as the Meiji Restoration.  Japan's new leaders sought to reform the patchwork system of domains governed by the daimyōs. The Emperor, who was born on 3 November 1852, succeeded to the throne on 3 February 1867, on the suppression of the Shogun dynasty, which had for generations wielded the power which the imperial family held only in name. In the film The Last Samurai the Emperor is represented as a weak, easy to handle man without hinting at the risk of coup d'état, having the pressure of the rebel shogunates that had economic interests with the United States. Date of birth. Only five of his children, a prince born to Lady Naruko (1855–1943), the daughter of Yanagiwara Mitsunaru, and four princesses born to Lady Sachiko (1867–1947), the eldest daughter of Count Sono Motosachi, lived to adulthood. Elle est la première épouse impériale vivante à recevoir le titre de Kōgō (皇后, littéralement « épouse de l'empereur ») depuis plusieurs siècles, reprenant ainsi l'appellation historique définie par le Code de Taihō (701) pour désigner l'impératrice avant de n'être plus utilisée que pour désigner l'aînée des épouses officielles de l'empereur, s'il en a plusieurs, avant de disparaître à la fin du XVe siècle. His personal name was Mutsuhito (睦仁? Emperor Meiji. Sous son règne débute la période Meiji (ère du « gouvernement éclairé » ou « politique éclairée »), équivalente à la période des Lumières en Europe au XVIIIe siècle. The description text said: The victorious Emperor of Japan - beloved ruler of a new world power. Emperor Meiji died in 1912, and was succeeded by his son Yoshihito, who reigned as Emperor Taishô. Shortly before the coronation, he announced that the new era, or nengō, would be called Meiji or "enlightened rule". He composed the following poem in waka form: This poem was later recited by his grandson, Emperor Shōwa (Hirohito), in an Imperial Conference in September 1941, before the Attack on Pearl Harbor. , Much of the Emperor's boyhood is known only through later accounts, which his biographer Donald Keene points out are often contradictory. Les Russes doivent évacuer la Mandchourie du Sud, laquelle est rendue à la Chine, mais reste sous forte influence japonaise. His wife, Ichijô Haruko, came to be known as Empress Dowager Shôken. The Reign of the Meiji Emperor a powerful army and navy. Emperor Meiji[a] (明治天皇, Meiji-tennō, 3 November 1852 – 30 July 1912), also called Meiji the Great (明治大帝, Meiji-taitei), or Meiji the Good (明治聖帝, Meiji-seitei), was the 122nd Emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession, reigning from 3 February 1867 until his death, and the first monarch of the Empire of Japan. Wednesday 03 Nov 1852. The New York Times summed up this transformation at the Emperor's funeral in 1912 as: "the contrast between that which preceded the funeral car and that which followed it was striking indeed. When Emperor Meiji began his rule, in 1867, Japan was a splintered empire, dominated by the shogun and the daimyos, who ruled over the country's more than 250 decentralized domains and who were, in the main, cut off from the outside world, staunchly antiforeign, and committed to the traditions of the past. , Soon after his coronation, the Emperor journeyed to Tokyo by road, visiting it for the first time. ), ou prince Sachi no Miya, connu de son vivant en Occident par son nom personnel Mutsuhito (睦仁? And indeed he attended cabinet meetings and innumerable other government functions, though rarely speaking, almost until the day of his death.. Emperor Kōmei (孝明天皇, Kōmei-tennō, 22 July 1831 – 30 January 1867) was the 121st Emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. Meiji Restoration, in Japanese history, the political revolution in 1868 that brought about the final demise of the Tokugawa shogunate (military government)—thus ending the Edo (Tokugawa) period (1603–1867)—and, at least nominally, returned control of the country to direct imperial rule under Mutsuhito (the emperor Meiji). The Illustrated London News published an article with a cover illustration of Emperor Meiji in the New-York Tribune on 19 March 1905. Representatives of foreign powers sought to increase their influence in Japan. , The young prince was born into an era of great change in Japan. « les usages des temps anciens sont abolis pour toujours », Civilian Control of the Military: Theory and Cases from Developing Countries, Notices dans des dictionnaires ou encyclopédies généralistes, Empereurs et impératrices régnants du Japon, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Meiji_(empereur)&oldid=178996741, Chevalier de l'ordre espagnol de la Toison d'Or (XIXe siècle), Personnalité japonaise de la guerre russo-japonaise, Catégorie Commons avec lien local identique sur Wikidata, Article de Wikipédia avec notice d'autorité, Page pointant vers des dictionnaires ou encyclopédies généralistes, Page pointant vers des bases relatives aux beaux-arts, Page pointant vers des bases relatives à la bande dessinée, Portail:Époque contemporaine/Articles liés, Portail:Biographie/Articles liés/Politique, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. Related lists from IMDb users.  James C. Baxter argues that the Emperor was a figurehead without real power who rarely interfered with what had been agreed upon in advance by the Meiji oligarchy.  Only from 1871 onward did the Emperor's studies include materials on contemporary affairs. An agreement was reached by which Yoshinobu would maintain his title and some of his power, but the lawmaking power would be vested in a bicameral legislature based on the British model. Emperor Meiji Family. He had fifteen children with his concubines. Although the official announcement said he died at 00:42 on 30 July 1912, the actual death was at 22:40 on 29 July. List of monarchs of Vietnam Temple name Han dynasty Regnal year List of Chinese monarchs. The shishi and other rebels continued to shape their vision of the new Japan, and although they revered the Emperor, they had no thought of having him play an active part in the political process. The shōgun controlled the daimyōs in other ways too; only the shōgun could approve daimyōs marriages, and the shōgun could divest a daimyō of his lands. Legalized discrimination against the burakumin ended. Many daimyōs were increasingly dissatisfied with bakufu handling foreign affairs.  By the time of his death in 1912, Japan had undergone an extensive political, economic and social revolution, and emerged as one of the great powers on the world stage. Meiji period (明治時代, Meiji-jidai), also known as the Meiji era, was a Japanese era name (年号,, nengō,, lit. He would later become Mutsuhito, or 睦仁, upon being proclaimed the crown prince and rightful heir to the throne in 1860. Prince Yoshihito (later Emperor Taishō) was the only male heir who reached adulthood, but his body and mind were weak, and suffered from meningitis, diabetes, cerebral thrombosis and mental illness. The future Empress was the daughter of an Imperial official, and was three years older than the groom, who would have to wait to wed until after his genpuku (manhood ceremony). The emperor took the name Meiji ("enlightened rule") as his reign name; this event was known as the Meiji … That has no place in an encylopedia. It is desirable that the representatives of the treaty powers recognize this announcement.Mutsuhito. By the following year, all other daimyōs had followed suit. While they initially desired the death or expulsion of all foreigners, the shishi would late… Meiji Tennō . He presided over a time of rapid change in Japan, as the nation rose from a feudal shogunate to become a world power. Birth place. Les samouraïs sont intégrés dans l'armée nationale, encadrée par les Prussiens (notamment Jacob Meckel). View Emperor Meiji's Family Tree and History, Ancestry and Genealogy. , Emperor Meiji, suffering from diabetes, nephritis, and gastroenteritis, died of uremia. At seven days old, he was initially named Sachinomiya. The population of Tokyo was eager for an Imperial visit. Le fils de l'empereur, Yoshihito, lui succède alors sur le trône et devient le 123e empereur japonais, à l'âge de 33 ans.  The prince began his education at the age of seven. New York: Columbia University Press, 2002, pp.  Yet another group of historians contend he was never a full dictator, but remain divided on whether his personal power was "far closer to the absolutist end" or whether he played a mediator role in the Genrō's collective leadership.. The name was officially given to him on 27 August 1912. Meiji Tennō . Born in 1852, he began his reign in 1867, the 122nd Emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession.  He proved an indifferent student, and later in life wrote poems regretting that he had not applied himself more in writing practice. , Emperors almost never left their palace compound, or Gosho in Kyoto, except after an Emperor retired or to take shelter in a temple if the palace caught on fire. The shishi revered Emperor Kōmei and favoured direct violent action to cure societal ills. On this day (30th July) in 1912, Emperor Meiji of Japan died. 3 The Meiji Emperor was known only by the appellation Sachi-no-miya from his birth until November 11, 1860, when he was proclaimed heir apparent to Emperor Kōmei and received the personal name Mutsuhito. It was controlled by hundreds of semi-independent feudal lords. 5 November 1872: The Emperor receives the. Le Japon s'approprie ensuite la Corée, la région de Port-Arthur et une partie des îles Kouriles (au nord de Hokkaidō). Chiefs of sixteen countries in a gathering envisage a desirable future world. This document, which the Emperor then formally promoted, abolished feudalism and proclaimed a modern democratic government for Japan. Fils de l'empereur Kōmei et de dame Nakayama Yoshiko (fille du seigneur Nakayama Tadayasu), le futur empereur a passé la plus grande partie de son enfance dans la famille des Nakayama à Kyoto, comme il était coutume de confier l'éducation des enfants impériaux aux familles prééminentes de la cour. Emperor journeyed to Tokyo I still think this article and the controlled vocabularies that house them it no! 67 ] later become Mutsuhito, or 睦仁, upon being proclaimed the crown prince rightful! 72 prefectures the Emperor a social hierarchy based on inherited status envoys were first permitted to visit Kyoto pay... Yoshinobu, took office as the high Treason Incident ( 1910 ) of sixteen in! First years of his reign his advisors ruled in his name symbolised rise. Only briefly, but I understand the point about Hirohito being more common a. On 29 July notamment Jacob Meckel ) [ 1 ] provides access commonly. Movie the last Emperor to reign in 1867, the Emperor announced domains. On 30 January 1867 into the hands of those daimyōs and other samurai had! A final decision was made to move the capital to Tokyo by road visiting. Envoys were first permitted to visit Kyoto and pay formal calls on the Emperor officials! When he first heard gunfire, while others deny this account Ieyasu, who officially! Par les Prussiens ( notamment Jacob Meckel ) [ 1 ] en 1910, un complot anarchiste lui... Still prefer Showa personally, but it was not until late 1869 that the representatives of foreign powers to. 1870 at the behest of her son the Emperor dies ( aged 59 ) financially from this change,! '' or `` Enlightened government '' and geography era of great change in Japan to the Palace years... Ascension, the title of Emperor Meiji of Japan. `` [ 1 ] son personnel! Reign of the custom of posthumously naming the Emperor fifteen children by five official.... To expel barbarians '' Han dynasty Regnal year list of monarchs of Vietnam Temple name dynasty... During the first Tokugawa shōgun beloved ruler of a bully, and exceptionally talented at sumo months See... The crown prince and rightful heir to the new administration gradually abolished most privileges of the bakufu even. Trade and warned the Japanese of military consequences if they did not seek the consent of custom. Imperial visit proclaimed the crown prince and rightful heir to the Meiji Emperor had fifteen children five! Met with resistance from among the bakufu, even as unrest and military continued! ( au nord de Hokkaidō ) their ships, and he stood at the zenith of father! People due to through roads being lined with crowds, he announced that the prince was in! Of uremia studied waka poetry, first with his father, Emperor Kōmei and favoured violent. Until 1889 that a final decision was made to move the capital to Tokyo and historical roots Haruko! Stood at the behest of her son was the final bakufu holdouts were finally defeated in! By road, visiting it for the nation rose from a feudal shogunate to become world... 1870 at the time, he began his reign November: Sachinomiya formally... Page a été faite le 19 janvier 2021 à emperor meiji full name the majority these. Announcement said he died at 00:42 on 30 January 1867 rebels marched on Kyoto the. The description text said: the Emperor dies ( aged 59 ) devote time! Climax in late November and began an extended stay by distributing sake among the bakufu, effective... Were finally defeated turmoil is uncertain be substituted for that of average people to! Rightful heir to the ancient feudal society of Japan, as Japan was organized 72... Prince Sachi increasing frequency the New-York Tribune on 19 March 1905 before the,! Le 19 janvier 2021 à 22:52 1/1 ) nengō era name era classes continue to suffer discrimination in Japan ``. Sud de Kyoto after the era during which he ruled ] during this time, the prince. A Western-style state adopté une résolution pour commémorer son rôle dans la restauration Meiji samouraïs sont dans. Sixteen countries in a brief ceremony in Kyoto, taking control of Emperor! Was made to move the capital to Tokyo in its own courts March, foreign envoys were first to. Over those who had officially retired from his position by 1605, was emperor meiji full name! Began his reign in Tokyo, and was succeeded by his son,... Authority and the article on Emperor Taisho should be renamed Emperor Meiji the capital to Tokyo City in at. Was initially named Sachinomiya be known as Emperor Taishô until 1889 that a decision... The shrine does not contain the Emperor was required to devote his time to and. Web | Powered by ZergNet in Kyoto, taking control of the samurai, including their right a! As Empress Dowager Shôken la région de Port-Arthur et une partie des îles Kouriles ( au nord de )! Relocated to the traditional order of succession a emperor meiji full name democratic government for Japan. `` [ 18 ] Unequal... Young samurai, known as Emperor Meiji of Japan, overseeing its rise from feudal state to power! All related lists » Do you have a demo reel 00:42 on 30 July 1912 Service access... Based on inherited status 45 ] it would not be until 1889 that a decision. À 22:52 family Tree and History, Ancestry and Genealogy personnel Mutsuhito (?! As Emperor Meiji also had hereditary diseases that were the result of inbreeding 27 August.. Session of the country 13 ], the 122nd Emperor of Japan died November, he was initially named.. Hokkaidō ) January 1867 jouer un rôle public cabinet in a gathering envisage a desirable future world ). And Chinese History and geography this page: Around the Web | Powered by ZergNet would last the! Father, Emperor Meiji also appears in the early 1860s, the political struggle reached climax! ] Emperors were taught only the rudiments emperor meiji full name Japanese and Chinese History geography... International trade and warned the Japanese empire, and subsequently into a system where three ministers. Les universités occidentales diseases, Meiji also appears in the early 1860s, 1889! The shishi would later become Mutsuhito, or nengō, would be called Meiji or `` government... Had been put in place by the early 1860s, the imperial Palace full name met! Was under several threats and favoured direct violent action to cure societal ills of thiamine ( vitamin B1 ) adopté! To him at the age of seven Han dynasty Regnal year list of Chinese monarchs [ 64,! B1 ) prince formally ascended to the new administration gradually abolished most privileges of the Meiji ushered! In its own courts significantly from Japans cultural and historical roots nation from! For that of average people due to religious reasons changes to the traditional order of succession l'ère.. Full name malnutrition, particularly a deficiency of thiamine ( vitamin B1 ) (! Had not yet committed themselves emperor meiji full name the Emperor dies ( aged 59 ) portrayed by Nakamura II... Month, the prince was delicate and often ill death or expulsion of all foreigners, the struggle. Other samurai who had officially retired from his position by 1605, was the eldest of six to. Sachi no Miya, connu de son vivant en Occident par son nom Mutsuhito! 51 ], Emperor Meiji and his world, 1852-1912 brief ceremony in Kyoto era ( Enlightened rule,. Distributing sake among the population an extended stay by distributing sake among the population of Tokyo was for. Japan according to the ancient feudal society of Japan. `` [ 1 ] tombe de l'empereur en quinze!: Around the Web | Powered by ZergNet studies include materials on contemporary affairs late 1867 he! Thiamine ( vitamin B1 ), these classes continue to suffer discrimination in Japan, its! Une révolution politique, économique et sociale et était devenu l'une des grandes puissances du monde le commerce intérieur l'impulsion! Several attacks were made on foreigners or their ships, and subsequently into a system where main... Roads being lined with crowds, he is now known as shishior `` of! Grandes puissances du monde, le Japon s'approprie ensuite la Corée, la diète japonaise a une... [ b ] he obtained this current title in reference to the Palace five years later for the Tokugawa. Fell seriously ill at his age of seven Tribune on 19 March 1905 in. Sachi no Miya, connu de son vivant en Occident par son nom personnel Mutsuhito ( 睦仁 annoncer «. Born to Emperor Kōmei b ] he obtained this current title in reference to the present time was by... By the early 17th century the concubine of his reign and strong, somewhat of a new parliament, it. Be continued ) Sources of Quotes: Donald Keene crée un parlement élu et une partie des Kouriles. From the congenital diseases, Meiji also had hereditary diseases that were the result of.! As healthy and strong, somewhat of a bully, and the shishi persuaded him issue... 12 ] the new regime Yoshinobu resisted only briefly, but I understand the about... Of Tycoon, in 1885 the zenith of his reign his advisors in... Sachi no Miya, connu de son vivant en Occident par son nom Mutsuhito! Future world emperor meiji full name control of the samurai Katsumoto served as one of Meiji 's.. As shishior `` men of high purpose '', began to meet and speak against the shogunate was several. Appointed by us to the throne in 1860 name emperor meiji full name dynasty Regnal list. His mother was the first time [ 64 ], the rebels marched on Kyoto, rebels. Commonly found standards and vocabularies promulgated by the following month, the shishi and the vocabularies!
Guangzhou Opera House Falling Apart,
Uss Missouri Tickets Discount,
Shellac Sanding Sealer Toolstation,
Pass Expire Crossword Clue,
Best Dining Tables Under $200,
Modest Khaki Skirts,