By daybreak the river level has dropped, exposing the wire connecting the explosives to the detonator. I am too much influenced, I suppose, by the rock and roll jungle menace of Coppola's `Apocalypse Now.' The telecast of the film lasted more than three hours because of the commercial breaks. It is in good vintage condition. An estimated 80,000 to 100,000 civilians also died in the course of the project, chiefly forced labour brought from Malaya and the Dutch East Indies, or conscripted in Siam (Thailand) and Burma. Major Clipton believes to do so is collaboration with the enemy. Learn how to create your own. You must be a registered user to use the IMDb rating plugin. The Bridge on the River Kwai, Kanchanaburi, Thailand. Although it was not exposed to sunlight, the heat-sensitive colour film stock should have been hopelessly ruined; however, when processed the shots were perfect and appeared in the film. You've probably seen the 1957 move The Bridge On the River Kwai, but you might not know how much of the film was real and how much was fictionalized. The negative itself manifested many of the kinds of issues one would expect from a film of this vintage: torn frames, embedded emulsion dirt, scratches through every reel, colour fading. Their instinct is to sabotage the bridge, but under the leadership of Colonel Nicholson they're persuaded the bridge should be built to help morale, spirit. The train crashed into a generator on the other side of the bridge and was wrecked. Boulle based his novel, published in 1952, on his own … The screenplay, however, divides unevenly between those who must build the Bridge and those who must destroy it. The Bridge on the River Kwai. Arnold won an Academy Award for the film's score. Nicholson's vision is the bridge will survive the war and be a tribute to the British Army for its ingenuity in years to come. The Bridge on the River Kwai escaped planned destruction and remains in place in Kanchanaburi as a tourist attraction and functioning railway bridge over which trains pass daily. These problems resulted in a number of anomalies that were very difficult to correct, like a ghosting effect in many scenes that resembles colour mis-registration, and a tick-like effect with the image jumping or jerking side-to-side. "The Bridge on the River Kwai" (1957) is one of the few that focuses not on larger rights and wrongs but on individuals. After Guinness was done with the scene, Lean said, "Now you can all fuck off and go home, you English actors. He wanders into a Siamese village, is nursed back to health, and eventually arrives in the British colony of Ceylon. Did he really want the enemy to come in across it?”, Some Japanese viewers disliked the film's depiction of the Japanese characters present in the movie and the historical background presented as being inaccurate, particularly in the interactions between Saito and Nicholson. The official credit was given to Pierre Boulle (who did not speak English), and the resulting Oscar for Best Screenplay (Adaptation) was awarded to him. It was still highly unusual at that time for a television network to show such a long film in one evening; most films of that length were still generally split into two parts and shown over two evenings. But the unusual move paid off for ABC—the telecast drew huge ratings with a record audience of 72 million and a Nielsen rating of 38.3 and an audience share of 61%. He created the railroad. Alec Guiness's passionate, detailed performance as Colonel Nicholson, above all other factors, makes Kwai a still watchable and important experience. Despite this, he won an Oscar and a Grammy. Warden's mission is accomplished, but he feels guilt at having to kill his own men to do so. Share this page. , Lieutenant Colonel Philip Toosey of the British Army was the real senior Allied officer at the bridge in question. Guinness later said that he subconsciously based his walk while emerging from "the Oven" on that of his eleven-year-old son Matthew, who was recovering from polio at the time, a disease that left him temporarily paralyzed from the waist down. In many tense, dramatic scenes, only the sounds of nature are used.  The 167-minute film was first telecast, uncut, in colour, on the evening of 25 September 1966, as a three hours-plus ABC Movie Special. That, I believe, is also Kwai's greatest weakness. Over the protests of some of his officers, he orders the building of a proper bridge at a new site where the soil can support it. Built during World War II by the Japanese with prisoner labour, it crosses the Kwae Noi River … A laid back Southern man is sentenced to two years in a rural prison, but refuses to conform. , The producers nearly suffered a catastrophe following the filming of the bridge explosion. The Bridge on the River Kwai - 1957. We hadn't much breath left for whistling. Kanchanaburi- this is the area's main town, with Allied war cemeteries. Verbatim: `Holden's character, up until the time their guerrilla mission begins, seems fabricated; he's unconvincing playing a shirker, and his heroism at the end seems more plausible.' (1957). The Bridge on the River Kwai, the movie The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957), the memorable, epic World War II adventure/action, anti-war drama, was the first of director David Lean's major multi-million dollar, wide-screen super-spectaculars (his later epics included Lawrence of … He, Shears, and Joyce reach the river in time with the assistance of Siamese women bearers and their village chief, Khun Yai.  By October 1960, the film had earned worldwide box office revenues of $30 million. To the producers' horror, the film containers were found a week later on an airport tarmac in Cairo, sitting in the hot sun. The majority of its smaller components are originals, while a few are post-war replacements. The British Film Institute placed The Bridge on the River Kwai as the 11th greatest British film. It was repaired in time to be blown up the next morning, with Bandaranaike and his entourage present. This map was created by a user. The four commandos parachute in, though Chapman is killed on landing. The cast includes Alec Guinness, William Holden, Jack Hawkins, and Sessue Hayakawa. Many historical inaccuracies in the film have often been noted by eyewitnesses to the building of the real Burma Railway and historians. The major railway bridge described in the novel and film didn't actually cross the river known at the time as the Kwai. Their instinct is to sabotage the bridge, but under the leadership of Colonel Nicholson they're persuaded the bridge should be built to help morale, spirit. Warden fires a mortar, wounding Nicholson, and killing the already wounded Shears. alfiehitchie. David Lean's The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957) is a brilliant triple character study set during World War II. The steel bridge was repaired and is still in use today. An in-depth examination of the ways in which the U.S. Vietnam War impacts and disrupts the lives of people in a small industrial town in Pennsylvania. , Balu Mahendra, the Tamil film director, saw the shooting of this film at Kitulgala, Sri Lanka during his school trip and was inspired to become a film director. Like Robert Graves' World War I memoir, Goodbye to All That, it shows men grimly hanging onto military discipline and pride in their units as a way of clinging to sanity. Add a review? Spike from the Burma Railroad , Roger Ebert gives the film four out of four stars. To ensure they captured the one-time event, multiple cameras from several angles were used. After the enlisted men are marched to the bridge site, Saito threatens to have the officers shot, until Major Clipton, the British medical officer, warns Saito there are too many witnesses for him to get away with murder. The majority of its smaller components are originals, while others have been used in restorations over the years. My own visit and subsequent research really opened my eyes to the atrocities committed. The real history of how the railway between Burma and China was built, including the bridge, is a horrific story. Was a real bridge used for the blowup scene. One of the other prisoners he meets is Commander Shears of the U.S. Navy, who describes the horrific conditions in the camp run by its commandant, Colonel Saito. The cover has a little edge wear and the record looks to be in exceptional nice condition for its age! Ebert, in his Great Movies article, correctly identifies William Holden's character in Kwai as undergoing an implausible transition from escaped POW to martini-guzzling playboy to selfless war hero. For example, a Sergeant-Major Risaburo Saito was in real life second in command at the camp. You can walk over the Bridge (watch out for trains!) When Joyce is mortally wounded by Japanese fire, Shears swims across the river, but is himself shot. Under cover of darkness, Shears and Joyce plant explosives on the bridge towers. , William Holden's deal was considered one of the best ever for an actor at the time, with him receiving 10% of the gross. Also, in the novel, the bridge is not destroyed: the train plummets into the river from a secondary charge placed by Warden, but Nicholson (never realising "what have I done?") The documentary itself was described by one newspaper reviewer when it was shown on Boxing Day 1974 (The Bridge on the River Kwai had been shown on BBC1 on Christmas Day 1974) as "Following the movie, this is a rerun of the antidote.". , The film was re-released in 1964 and earned a further estimated $2.6 million at the box office in the United States and Canada but the following year its revised total US and Canadian revenues were reported by Variety as $17,195,000. We follow the engaging Alec Guinness as he masterfully and stubbornly manipulates and debates with a Japanese Colonel, while another man escapes their prison camp to only return to blow up the bridge the British POW's forced to construct. In 1941 the Japanese Army invaded Thailand. does not fall onto the plunger, and the bridge suffers only minor damage. Join here. , On 2 November 2010 Columbia Pictures released a newly restored The Bridge on the River Kwai for the first time on Blu-ray. , The film initially received generally positive reviews, with Guinness being widely praised for his performance. Wampo viaduct(Wang Po) - also built b… A train carrying important dignitaries and soldiers is scheduled to be the first to cross the bridge the following day, and Warden's goal is to destroy both. With a deadline for completion in May, the work on the bridge is a disaster.  Boulle had never been to the bridge. This list of The Bridge on the River Kwai actors includes any The Bridge on the River Kwai actresses and all other actors from the film. Without belittling `Kwai,' it does seem, looking backwards at David Lean's career, to be a dress rehearsal for the more operatic, tightly controlled (and better written) `Lawrence of Arabia.' A shrewd examination of the brutality of war and the duality of man in conflict. While Nicholson disapproves of acts of sabotage and other deliberate attempts to delay progress, Toosey encouraged this: termites were collected in large numbers to eat the wooden structures, and the concrete was badly mixed. At first, the prisoners admire Nicholson when he bravely endures torture rather than compromise his principles for the benefit of Japanese Commandant Colonel Saito, but soon they realise it's a monument to Nicholson, himself, as well as a form of collaboration with the enemy. Lastly, it is many decades past 1957. The cast includes In reality, Japanese engineers proved to be just as capable at construction efforts as their Allied counterparts.. ABC, sponsored by Ford, paid a record $1.8 million for the television rights for two screenings in the United States. The film uses the historical setting of the construction of the Burma Railway in 1942–1943. Lean had a lengthy row with Guinness over how to play the role of Nicholson; Guinness wanted to play the part with a sense of humour and sympathy, while Lean thought Nicholson should be "a bore." The dazed colonel stumbles toward the detonator and falls dead on the plunger, blowing up the bridge and sending the train hurtling into the river. A manipulative woman and a roguish man conduct a turbulent romance during the American Civil War and Reconstruction periods.  According to Variety, the film earned estimated domestic box office revenues of $18,000,000 although this was revised downwards the following year to $15,000,000, which was still the biggest for 1958 and Columbia's highest-grossing film at the time. ", A 1969 BBC television documentary, Return to the River Kwai, made by former POW John Coast, sought to highlight the real history behind the film (partly through getting ex-POWs to question its factual basis, for example Dr Hugh de Wardener and Lt-Col Alfred Knights), which angered many former POWs. Allied prisoners of war plan for several hundred of their number to escape from a German camp during World War II. … Warden is wounded in an encounter with a Japanese patrol and has to be carried on a litter. Tom Hanks Says Movie Theaters Will ‘Absolutely’ Survive – But Marvel-Like Franchises Will Dominate, Book Review: “TCM’S The Essentials, Vol. According to Columbia Pictures, they followed an all-new 4K digital restoration from the original negative with newly restored 5.1 audio. The Bridge on the River Kwai But keep your eyes fastened tight to Alec Guiness. Shears and two other prisoners escape. And a bloke called George Siegatz ... —an expert whistler—began to whistle Colonel Bogey, and a hit was born.". Rent The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957) starring William Holden and Alec Guinness on DVD and Blu-ray. Unique to this film, in some ways, were other issues related to poorly made optical dissolves, the original camera lens and a malfunctioning camera.  He strongly denied the claim that the book was anti-British, although many involved in the film itself (including Alec Guinness) felt otherwise. January 19, 2021 Uncategorized Uncategorized Bridge on The River Kwai, An Origina Sound Track Recording Columbia High Fidelity Vinyl Record Album. But the reality was a bit different than the movie. Shears, who is a British commando officer like Warden in the novel, became an American sailor who escapes from the POW camp.  Guinness later reflected on the scene, calling it the "finest piece of work" he had ever done. A seemingly timid but secretly ruthless ingénue insinuates herself into the lives of an aging Broadway star and her circle of theater friends. The Bridge on the River Kwai is an historically important site that explores the horrors of the Siam-Burma Death Railway. The British didn't build the railway in the 19th century because it would be too expensive. If Shears' refused, he could face court martial. Lean shouted at them, 'For God's sake, whistle a march to keep time to.' The commando team is appalled that their own man is uncovering their work. He described the music for The Bridge on the River Kwai as the "worst job I ever had in my life" from the point of view of time. ", The screenwriters, Carl Foreman and Michael Wilson, were on the Hollywood blacklist and, even though living in exile in England, could only work on the film in secret. Joyce, manning the detonator, breaks cover and stabs Saito to death. Recognising the dying Shears, Nicholson exclaims, "What have I done?" The Bridge on the River Kwai  According to the Commonwealth War Graves Commission: The notorious Burma-Siam railway, built by Commonwealth, Dutch and American prisoners of war, was a Japanese project driven by the need for improved communications to support the large Japanese army in Burma.  Ernest Gordon, a survivor of the railway construction and POW camps described in the novel/film, stated in a 1962 book, Through the Valley of the Kwai: "In Pierre Boulle's book The Bridge over the River Kwai and the film which was based on it, the impression was given that British officers not only took part in building the bridge willingly, but finished in record time to demonstrate to the enemy their superior efficiency. Holden's relationship with Jack Hawkins (playing a parallel role to his General Allenby in Lawrence) seems pallid next to the mighty Guiness/Hayakawa standoff in fact, it seems to be in another movie altogether. Mitch Miller had a hit with a recording of both marches. The conditions to which POW and civilian labourers were subjected were far worse than the film depicted. , The film was an international co-production between companies in Britain and the United States. where is the bridge on the river kwai. Images of whistling soldiers, marching proudly after months of captivity, then putting on an `entertainment' more expected in the world of Rodgers and Hammerstein, may ring very false to today's viewer. But I am writing a factual account, and in justice to these men—living and dead—who worked on that bridge, I must make it clear that we never did so willingly.  Gavin Young recounts meeting Donald Wise, a former prisoner of the Japanese who had worked on the Burma Railway. An ex-prize fighter turned longshoreman struggles to stand up to his corrupt union bosses.  On a BBC Timewatch programme, a former prisoner at the camp states that it is unlikely that a man like the fictional Nicholson could have risen to the rank of lieutenant colonel, and, if he had, due to his collaboration he would have been "quietly eliminated" by the other prisoners. The bridge in the film was near Kitulgala.  Slant stated that "the 1957 epic subtly develops its themes about the irrationality of honor and the hypocrisy of Britain's class system without ever compromising its thrilling war narrative", and in comparing to other films of the time said that Bridge on the River Kwai "carefully builds its psychological tension until it erupts in a blinding flash of sulfur and flame. Nicholson is shocked by the poor job being done by his men. The story is fictional but uses the construction of the Burma Railway, in 1942–1943, as its historical setting, and is partly based on Pierre Boulle's own life experience working in Malaysia rubber plantations and later working for allied forces in Singapore and Indochina during World War II. You can view additional information about each The Bridge on the River Kwai actor on this list, such as when and where they were born. Only in 1984 did the Academy rectify the situation by retroactively awarding the Oscar to Foreman and Wilson, posthumously in both cases. On review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film received an approval rating of 95% based on 58 reviews, with an average rating of 9.33/10. But in Bangkok I was told that David Lean, the film's director, became mad at the extras who played the prisoners—us—because they couldn't march in time. Kwai is the Everest of his career, and very few actors climb that high. "The ending of that was sort of the story of life. The site's critical consensus reads, "This complex war epic asks hard questions, resists easy answers, and boasts career-defining work from star Alec Guinness and director David Lean.  William Holden was also credited for his acting, he was said to give a solid characterization and was "easy, credible and always likeable in a role that is the pivot point of the story". Bridge on the River Kwai was the highest-grossing film of 1957 and received overwhemingly positive reviews from critics. The Bridge on the River Kwai 1957 ★★★★★ Jan 21, 2021. Some of the characters in the film use the names of real people who were involved in the Burma Railway. , The Bridge on the River Kwai was a massive commercial success. Nicholson objects, informing Saito the Geneva Conventions exempts officers from manual labour. , British composer Malcolm Arnold recalled that he had "ten days to write around forty-five minutes worth of music" - much less time than he was used to. Want to share IMDb's rating on your own site? Two grifters team up to pull off the ultimate con. Witnessing the carnage, Clipton shakes his head, muttering, "Madness! Also, Malcolm Arnold's score, which I loved when I was a kid, seems now jarringly inappropriate from start to finish. , This article is about the film. One of the all-time great war films, THE BRIDGE ON THE RIVER KWAI is yet another classic from the marvelous David Lean (LAWRENCE OF ARABIA, DR.  The image was restored by OCS, Freeze Frame, and Pixel Magic with George Hively editing. He knew that the railway ran parallel to the Kwae for many miles, and he therefore assumed that it was the Kwae which it crossed just north of Kanchanaburi. This vintage Record album is from a Hollywood Classic Movie and has the Original Sound Track Score. The Bridge on the River Kwai is a British 1957 movie from Columbia Pictures, based on Pierre Boulle 's 1952 book The Bridge over the River Kwai (French: Le Pont de la Rivière Kwai). Two Americans searching for work in Mexico convince an old prospector to help them mine for gold in the Sierra Madre Mountains. The Bridge has its own station, River Kwae Bridge station is about 200 yards before the Bridge at the Bangkok end. The movie was mainly filmed in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) and also in England. Most hotels are located here. As a result, Boulle, who did not speak English, was credited and received the Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay; many years later, Foreman and Wilson posthumously received the Academy Award.. Alec Guinness sick monologue - THE BRIDGE ON THE RIVER KWAI (1957) " On Metacritic, the film has a weighted average score of 87 out of 100 based on 14 critics, indicating "universal acclaim". In addition, Japanese engineering plans are poor. Realising he has no choice, Shears "volunteers." In an interview he said that "There were a lot of lessons in that", Buffett said of the film. This was an incorrect assumption. Written by IT WAS LOOSELY BASED ON REAL EVENTS. British POWs are forced to build a railway bridge across the river Kwai for their Japanese captors, not knowing that the allied forces are planning to destroy it. Certificate: Passed 37 of 67 people found this review helpful. He continued this ruse when he arrived in Ceylon for the same reason. or cross it by train when travelling between Kanchanaburi & Nam Tok. Ordinarily, the film would have been taken by boat to London, but due to the Suez crisis this was impossible; therefore the film was taken by air freight. The actual name of "Bridge on the River Kwai", on the 258 mile long Burma Railway between Ban Pong, Thailand, and Thanbyuzayat, Burma, built from 1940-1944, was called Bridge 277. " Significant praise was also given to the actors especially Alec Guinness, Variety said that "the film is unquestionably Guinness'". However, in 1943 a railway bridge was built by Allied POWs over the Mae Klong river – renamed Khwae Yai in the 1960s as a result of the film – at Tha Ma Kham, five kilometres from Kanchanaburi, Thailand. Chris Taylor, a neophyte recruit in Vietnam, finds himself caught in a battle of wills between two sergeants, one good and the other evil. The Bridge on the River Kwai, British-American war film, released in 1957 and directed by David Lean, that was both a critical and popular success and became an enduring classic. Get unlimited DVD Movies & TV Shows delivered to your door with no late fees, ever. We follow the engaging Alec Guinness as he masterfully and stubbornly manipulates and debates with a Japanese Colonel, while another man escapes their prison camp to only return to blow up the bridge the British POW's forced to construct. Two labour forces, one based in Siam and the other in Burma, worked from opposite ends of the line towards the centre. A Gem of the Silver Screen. Toosey later defended him in his war crimes trial after the war, and the two became friends. Adventure, Certificate: Passed River Kwai Bridge Kanchanaburi Thailand Kanchanaburi, in Myanmar border, is home to the … The Bridge on the River Kwai is a 1957 epic war film directed by David Lean and based on the 1952 novel written by Pierre Boulle. Subsequent releases of the film finally gave them proper screen credit. ", Variety gave high praise for the movie saying that it is "a gripping drama, expertly put together and handled with skill in all departments. The film was made in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). However, the Navy already made Warden aware of Shears' conduct and agreed to allow Shears' transfer to Warden to avoid embarrassment. Watched by Ralph Pro. , Warren Buffett said it was his favorite movie. The destruction of the bridge as depicted in the film is also entirely fictional. In early 1943, British POWs arrive at a Japanese prison camp in Burma, led by Lieutenant Colonel Nicholson. However, cameraman Freddy Ford was unable to get out of the way of the explosion in time, and Lean had to stop filming.  The original negative for the feature was scanned at 4k (roughly four times the resolution in High Definition), and the colour correction and digital restoration were also completed at 4k. The real River Kwai, and its bridge, is in what was then Siam, now Thailand.The name ‘River Kwai’ refers to the Khwae Noi and Khwae Yai rivers in western Thailand, which converge to become the Mae Klong river at Kanchanaburi, about 70 miles northwest of Bangkok, and it was across the Mae Klong that the infamous bridge was built. Was this review helpful to you? >
Very Nice! The film uses the historical setting of the construction of the Burma Railway in 1942–1943. In March 1958, The Bridge on the River Kwai swept seven Academy Awards including the award for Best Picture. , A memorable feature of the film is the tune that is whistled by the POWs—the first strain of the march "Colonel Bogey"—when they enter the camp. Boulle nonetheless enjoyed the film version though he disagreed with its climax. , The film was restored in 1992 by Columbia Pictures. , The film was relatively faithful to the novel, with two major exceptions. The film won seven Academy Awards (including Best Picture) at the 30th Academy Awards. Title: After a Jewish prince is betrayed and sent into slavery by a Roman friend, he regains his freedom and comes back for revenge. Drama, Certificate: GP During WW II, allied POWs in a Japanese internment camp are ordered to build a bridge to accommodate the Burma-Siam railway. The rest were made of wood and local materials. , The plot and characters of Boulle's novel and the screenplay were almost entirely fictional.. Only Shears survives. An example of this is when commandos Warden and Joyce hunt a fleeing Japanese soldier through the jungle, desperate to prevent him from alerting other troops. The river is the Mae Klong River which passes through a valley of the Khwae Noi River (little tributary). Crime. Shears objects to returning to the site of his imprisonment. In particular, they objected to the implication presented in the film that Japanese military engineers were generally unskilled and unproficient at their professions. Both writers had to work in secret, as they were on the Hollywood blacklist and had fled to the UK in order to continue working.  Ebert notes that the film is one of the few war movies that "focuses not on larger rights and wrongs but on individuals", but commented that the viewer is not certain what is intended by the final dialogue due to the film's shifting points of view. For the novel, see, 1957 World War II film directed by David Lean, American theatrical release poster, "Style A", A transcript of the interview and the documentary as a whole can be found in the new edition of John Coast's book, Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay, 11th greatest British film of the 20th century, the highest-grossing film of 1957 in the United States and Canada, Best Screenplay – Based on Material from Another Medium, Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Motion Pictures, Best Sound Track Album, Dramatic Picture Score or Original Cast, AFI's 100 Years... 100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition), "Complete National Film Registry Listing | Film Registry | National Film Preservation Board | Programs at the Library of Congress | Library of Congress", "New to the National Film Registry (December 1997) - Library of Congress Information Bulletin", "Columbia Earns as It Holds Coin Due Bill Holden on 10% of 'Kwai, "Flashback: A look back at this day in film history (, "How Father Brown Led Sir Alec Guinness to the Church", "links for research, Allied POWs under the Japanese", "The Colonel of Tamarkan: Philip Toosey and the, "Once-Stupendous-Now-Modest $2,700,000 Budget Kept Secret; 'River Kwai's' Sockfull Gross", "Balu Mahendra, who made his visuals speak, dies at 74", "Warren Buffett carries an American Express card and about $400 in cash", The Colonel of Tamarkan: Philip Toosey and the Bridge on the River Kwai, "Movies | Disc & Digital | Sony Pictures", "Wayne and Shuster Show, The Episode Guide (1954–1990) (series)", Lost and Found: The Story of Cook's Anchor, The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King, Birdman or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance), Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb, The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring, Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri, Wallace & Gromit: The Curse of the Were-Rabbit, Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Drama, National Board of Review Award for Best Film, New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Film, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=The_Bridge_on_the_River_Kwai&oldid=1002236424, Films featuring a Best Actor Academy Award-winning performance, Films featuring a Best Drama Actor Golden Globe winning performance, Films whose cinematographer won the Best Cinematography Academy Award, Films whose director won the Best Directing Academy Award, Films whose director won the Best Director Golden Globe, Films whose editor won the Best Film Editing Academy Award, Films whose writer won the Best Adapted Screenplay Academy Award, Films that won the Best Original Score Academy Award, United States National Film Registry films, Films with screenplays by Michael Wilson (writer), Short description is different from Wikidata, Album articles lacking alt text for covers, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2021, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, $30.6 million (worldwide rentals from initial release), Best DVD Original Retrospective Documentary/Featurette, This page was last edited on 23 January 2021, at 13:33. 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